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Learn About Free Speech at SDSU

Inclusive SDSU

SDSU Commitment to Diversity and Inclusion

San Diego State University is committed to fostering an environment of inclusion that values, honors, and respects all members of our University community. As stated in our University Senate statement on diversity, we are a community diverse in race, ethnicity, language, culture, social class, national origin, religious and political belief, age, ability, gender, gender identity and expression, and sexual orientation. This fundamental commitment to diversity:

  • Enriches the institution and provides an atmosphere in which all human potential is valued. 
  • Promotes learning through interactions among people of different backgrounds and many perspectives.
  • Better enables the university to prepare all members of its community to promote social responsibility, equity, freedom, and productive citizenship in a global society.  

We are committed to cultivating a campus climate that promotes human dignity, civility, and mutual appreciation for the uniqueness of each member of our community. Freedom from discrimination, harassment, and violence against persons or property is a basic right and is requisite for learning. SDSU commits to protecting Freedom of speech and encourages all members of the community to promote educational opportunities that appropriately address acts of intolerance around events that have separated us as a people.   

We also commit to working together to build a more inclusive environment supportive of the University’s educational mission. The full statement on diversity as a part of the SDSU Mission and Goals within the University Senate Policy File.

Purpose of the Inclusive SDSU Communication System

San Diego State University has established the Inclusive SDSU Communication System to be based in the Division of Diversity and Innovation in collaboration with the Division of Student Affairs. The purpose of the system is to document instances that promote our campus commitment, as well as those that fall short. The Division of Diversity and Innovation will use these submissions to identify patterns, to recognize and celebrate extraordinary acts of inclusion, and to develop strategies for community improvement where needed. 

The Inclusive SDSU Communication System does not replace existing policies or normal avenues of reporting.

Inclusive SDSU Form

  • Graffiti in campus bathrooms or facilities that contains messages that put-down or degrade groups based on their identities.
  • Fliers posted on campus that contain messages of bias [unapproved fliers will be removed]
  • Someone proselytizing on campus property and making derogatory comments about groups based on their identities
  • A person receiving an award or honor for their work in advocating for underserved communities
  • A department or unit that experiences success in improving outcomes for students from underserved communities
  • A professor of staff member who has dedicated a significant portion of their time to mentoring, advising, and supporting students from diverse communities
  • A department bringing together different groups to build a cohesive community of support and affirmation

Report DHR Incidents

  • Racial slurs (verbal and/or written) directed at an individual that  unreasonably interfere with the individual’s work or education
  • Denial of access to certain educational programs or activities based on the individual’s membership in a protected class
  • Retaliation by a faculty, staff or student due to the individual’s participation in a university investigation into unlawful discrimination, harassment or retaliation

 

Report Sexual Misconduct

  • Unwanted sexual advances or requests for sexual favors
  • Physical sexual acts against a person’s will or where they were incapable of providing consent
  • Intimidation, aggression, or hostility based on sex
  • Stereotypying based on sex

 

Consistent with CSU Executive Orders 1096, 1097 and 1098, if you have experienced an incident of discrimination, harassment, retaliation or sexual misconduct (including dating and domestic violence, or stalking), please contact the Title IX Deputy Coordinators for Students, Faculty, Staff, and visitors or the Deputy Coordinator for Athletics.

Hate Crimes (Hate crimes should be formally reported to the University Police by calling 619-594-1991 or emailing [email protected].) 

How are Submissions Handled?

Submissions to the system are reviewed by the Inclusive SDSU Communication Team, documented, and monitored over time.

The Inclusive SDSU Communication Team is comprised of trained and caring representatives from:

  • Associated Students
  • Center for Student Rights and Responsibilities
  • Counseling & Psychological Services
  • Division of Student Affairs
  • Division of Diversity and Innovation
  • Office of Employee Relations and Compliance
  • Title IX Coordinator
  • Strategic Communications and Public Affairs
  • Student Ombudsman
  • University Police

The Team will review communication submissions primarily to assess campus climate issues and patterns of activity.  If the Team believes that further action may be needed, it may take additional actions. For example, reports regarding extraordinary acts of diversity and inclusion may be forwarded to Strategic Communications and Public Affairs.  Please note that if a submission appears to suggest a violation of one of the CSU Executive Orders, or a violation of the law, then the Team will provide the person(s) filing the submission with information on appropriate offices and existing reporting channels if they would like to submit their concerns for further review and action. To the extent permitted by law and/or policy, the Team will keep submissions to Inclusive SDSU confidential if the reporter so requests.  We will always ask permission before using your submission in connection with celebrating acts of diversity and inclusion on campus. 

If you are interested in submitting a communication to Inclusive SDSU, please do so through our Inclusive SDSU Form

Frequently Asked Questions

Free Speech

The First Amendment protects various freedoms, including freedom of speech, assembly, petition, religion and press. The speech protections apply to written and spoken words as well as expressive conduct (i.e., actions that do not involve written or spoken words but do contain a message, such as art or gestures). The First Amendment does not prohibit any speech, but there are some types of speech for which there is no, or very limited, First Amendment protection. These include: (1) speech that promotes and incites actual, immediate and imminent violence and harm; (2) “fighting words” (i.e.,words directed to a person that are so abusive that they tend to incite an immediate physical retaliation); (3) true threats (i.e., when a reasonable person would view the speech as a serious intent to harm and there is the prospect of immediate action); (4) defamation (i.e., libel and slander); (5) obscenity; (6) severe, pervasive and objectively offensive harassment that deprives the individual of equal access to resources; (7) false advertising; and (8) use of public resources for partisan politics. But these exceptions are interpreted very narrowly; most speech will still be considered protected under the First Amendment.

For more information, visit SDSU's Free Speech site.

Hate Speech

No legal definition of “hate speech” exists, and the courts have made it clear that no one has a constitutional right to not be offended by speech. For this reason, what is commonly known as hate speech is as fully protected on campus as is any other form of protected speech. People, including those in the SDSU community, are as free to condemn any category of individual – whether on the basis of race, religion, national origin, ethnicity, sexual orientation, citizenship status, political party, ideology, hair style or taste in music. Because this applies only to speech and expressive conduct, the First Amendment does not protect an individual’s conduct simply because that conduct is motivated by the person’s beliefs.  For example, hate crimes are regulated under both state and federal law.

This does not mean that you should not communicate incidents of hate speech to the Team so that these non-inclusive actions can be addressed through educational and other processes.  How much one values the First Amendment is tested most severely when the person who is speaking is saying things that we find offensive or hateful, or that we disagree with. Yet that speech is also protected because when the government has the right to suppress certain ideas, everyone is subject to censorship.  The better way to respond to hateful or offensive speech is to encourage more speech that exposes the offensive speech for what it is. In one famous US Supreme Court case, Justice Brandeis wrote, “If there be time to expose through discussion the falsehoods and fallacies, to avert the evil by the processes of education, the remedy to be applied is more speech, not enforced silence.”  The ACLU agrees, and states on its website that “where racist, sexist and homophobic speech is concerned, the ACLU believes that more speech – not less – is the best revenge. This is particularly true at universities, where the mission is to facilitate learning through open debate and study, and to enlighten.” SDSU is strongly committed to that educational imperative, and to working with its faculty, staff and students to find positive, constructive, affirming and progressive ways to build a robust and inclusive climate for all members of the campus community.

Inclusive SDSU Reporting

Any member of the SDSU community (e.g., student, faculty, staff, administrators, community member) may make a submission to Inclusive SDSU. For many incidents, there are already avenues for formal reporting, and if the submission suggests that one of those processes should be involved, then the submission will be forwarded back to the sender with information on how to submit to the appropriate office, which may include Academic Labor Relations, Center for Student Rights and Responsibilities, Office of Employee Relations and Compliance, or the University Police Department.  

The Inclusive SDSU Communication Team will review submissions primarily to assess campus climate issues and patterns of activity, and will report on such matters to the Division of Diversity and Innovation and the Division of Student Affairs.

The Team may also recommend additional action or refer the Report to another office on campus for further processing. 

Examples of actions the Team may take include: 

  • Referring submissions regarding extraordinary acts of diversity and inclusion to Strategic Communications and Public Affairs, for recognition of those actions.
  • Referring reports to Facilities Services for removal of building markings or repair of property damage.
  • Referring submissions to campus divisions, departments and offices for the purpose of developing educational programs to address inclusion or other related subjects.
  • Recommending campus climate programming based on patterns of activity seen through submissions.
  • Referring the reporter to on-campus and off-campus resources for support and success.
As a community that is committed to diversity and inclusion, we would like to celebrate and acknowledge areas where our campus is showing strengths and/or positive progress. Highlighting inclusive acts supporting our diverse campus is also a way to support community development and foster the values of the institution. Programs like the Professional Studies and Fine Arts “Be Civil” campaign reinforce acts of kindness and serve as a way to promote an inclusive community. In the same way, reporting positive acts of inclusive diversity provide us an opportunity to share our community successes in social media posts and serve as possible recognition through awards and recognition.

SDSU is committed to cultivating a campus climate that promotes human dignity, civility and mutual appreciation for the uniqueness of each member of our campus. In support of our educational mission, the campus supports the free expression of ideas, but encourages the campus community to express those ideas in a way that does not promote hate or bias toward any other member of the campus community while still respecting free expression. Reporting incidents that erode inclusion will help the campus identify concerns and patterns, address problems and disputes, develop appropriate educational responses, and otherwise foster an environment of inclusion for all students, faculty, staff, administrators, and community members. While not every report of a negative incident will result in institutional response, each submission will be reviewed and considered within the framework of developing a more inclusive campus environment.

The Team is made up of subject matter experts in an array of areas and team members receive training on relevant topics including diversity and inclusion, freedom of speech, university policies and procedures relating to unlawful discrimination, harassment and retaliation and issues relating to the privacy and confidentiality of reports. Team members will maintain confidentiality of individuals involved, unless approved by the parties involved (such as in the case of a positive report) or where there are legal requirements that must be fulfilled.

Complaints of unlawful discrimination, harassment and retaliation are addressed pursuant to Executive Orders 1096 and 1097. For questions regarding this process, please contact the Office of Employee Relations and Compliance at 1-619-594-6464.